Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich was a German idealist philosopher, who has influenced most facets of modern philosophy. Hegel was born in Stuttgart on Aug. 27, 1770, the son of a minor government official. He studied theology at the University of Tubingen, and his theological background decisively influenced his philosophy, which tends to develop along religious lines. After serving as a tutor at Bern and Frankfurt, he was a lecturer, then a professor at the University of Jena (1801-06), headmaster of a school in Nuremberg (1808-16), and professor at Heidelberg (1816-18) and Berlin (1818-31). He died in Berlin, during a cholera epidemic, on Nov. 14, 1831.

"The Christian religion has its very beginning in absolute dualism or division, and starts from that sense of suffering in which it rends the natural unity of the spirit asunder and destroys natural peace.  In it man appears as evil from his birth and is thus in his innermost life in contradiction with himself."

Hegel, On Art, Religion and Philosophy: Introductory Lectures to the Realm of Absolute Spirit.
Edited by J. Glenn Gray. New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1967.